The use of various applied forms of linguistics can be noticed in other departments, such as analyzing sounds, forms, sentences and semantic aspects with the help of different scientific subjects including mathematics, philosophy, and psychology in linguistics. The major branches of linguistics that can be mentioned here are: Anthropological Linguistics, Social Linguistics, Mathematical Linguistics, Statistical Linguistics, Psychological Linguistics, Philosophical Linguistics, Clinical Linguistics, and Logical Linguistics.
Let’s take a look at a brief discussion of the different siblings and Branches of linguistics.
Branches of Linguistics:
As the traditional types of linguistics, we know the Linguistics are categorized into Phonetics, Morphology, Syntax, and Semantics. With the passes of time, the aspects of linguistics increased. For this reason, the linguists describe the below branches of linguistics which is growing daily.
1. Anthropological Linguistics
In anthropological linguistics, the variability and use of language are analyzed in relation to the ideals of culture and the beliefs of the people are guided by the interpretation and methodology of anthropology. For example, in anthropological linguistics, social, religious, occupational or cognitive aspects of a community member (usually primitive) are indicated.
2. Social linguistics (Sociolinguistics)
Social linguistics is defined as the overall relational aspect of language. Specifically, socialism includes aspects of linguistic existence, social attitudes towards language, prevalent and obsolete ideological forms of language, requirements for the use of national languages and the ideal of language.
3. Psychological Linguistics
This branch of linguistics analyzes the related aspects of linguistic behavior and the exclusion of psychological processes in relation to that behavior. It includes two possible targets in this study. On the one hand, it is possible to use language as a means of teaching psychological explanations and processes, and in many cases, the concept of psychoanalysis is applied with the aim of the discussion.
On the other hand, the effect of psychological compulsion applies to the use of language. In the inclusion of psychology in linguistics, it is emphasized on the ability of mental processes, language production, and perception. A fully formed branch of psychic linguistics is one of the language acquisition aspects of children.
4. Mathematical linguistics
This branch of linguistics includes mathematical aspects of language. In general, the essential aspects of statistical or algebraic ideas are predominant. In addition, the above aspects include connectivity (such as unpredictable and functional load) and computer analysis.
Equally important, it is the practice of applying the theory of linguistic to the application of mathematical concepts. The above aspect has been expanded into transformative linguistics. Moreover, the distribution of statistics and specialized technology helped. (Such as word statistical theory in stylistics and comparative linguistics).
5. Statistical linguistics
This branch of linguistics includes the explanation of the technique and application of statistics in the theory and description of language. The unique characteristic of a speaker’s language or a writer’s text is also applied to statistical linguistics in the analysis of the number of vibrations in the language.
In addition, this branch is used to establish a general formula for indicating the statistical properties of a language.
6. Logical linguistics
In the twentieth century, linguists and rationalists applied logic to the analysis of human language, incorporating various sources of logic in organizational linguistic judgment. In particular, the ambiguous aspects of logic in Semantics are simply noteworthy. Linguistics analysis logic that aspects specifically includes, they are like Ecology, Word, logical analysis and assumptions, Certificate logic, situation logic, deductive manner, decisions, process logic, meant logic, situation logic, deductive manner, decisions, process logic, intentional logic, etc.
In linguistics, the direct application of duplicate objects is noticed. Duplicate objects refer to the existence of any number or sum of objects or of any class. A duplicate group consists of members of multiple elements. Here it is possible to refer to the logical analysis of assumptions and sentences.
Biolinguistics is the study of natural and human-taught communication systems in animals, compared to human language. That is, the biolinguistics studies the communication systems of animals and compare it with the human language system.
8. Computational Linguistics
It is an interdisciplinary field and the role of the brain in language acquisition and learning.
9. Educational Linguistics
For making Linguistics easy to learn for the primary or high school, it is now getting popularity. As a growing branch, educational linguistics is widely used as theories.
10. Ethnolinguistics or Anthropo-linguistics
It studies the language of a particular ethnic group. It is a field of linguistic anthropology.
This branch studies the neurological basis of language development and the brain’s control over speech production and perception.
12. Philosophical Linguistics
With philosophical linguistics branches, the philosophical problems will be solved by reforming language.
13. Applied Linguistics
The solution of real-life problems in our daily life, society or community, is tried to solve by Applied linguistics. The sub-branches or fields of Applied Linguistics are education, psychology, communication research, anthropology, and sociology.
14. Clinical Linguistics
This branch of Linguistics applies linguistic theories to the analysis of disorders of spoken, written or signed language. It is the field of speech-language pathology.
15. Evolutionary Linguistics
It is the scientific study of the psychosocial development and cultural evolution of a particular language.
It is the study and interpretation of texts in regard to their linguistic and tonal style. As a discipline, it links literary criticism to linguistics.
17. Historical Linguistics
The study of developments in languages in the course of time. It is the diachronic study of language.
Other Important Branches Of Linguistics
Traditionally various branches of linguistics are referred to as phonetics, morphology, syntax and even semantics theory. Some of its major branches have been pointed out in systematic concepts.
18. Synchronic and Diachronic Linguistics
The famous Swiss linguist Ferdinand the Sassu (1857-1913) has introduced a major specialty and distinction in this kind of linguistic thought and approach. The first one is guided by reading about language change. This is also called historical linguistics. It refers to the state of the language at a particular time or metaphorical reading.
19. General Linguistics Or Theoretical Linguistics
General Linguistics (or theoretical linguistics) tries to establish general principles of all languages and calculates the characteristics of a human language as a phenomenon.
20. Descriptive Linguistics
When one tries to establish the truth of a particular language system in such reading, the narrative becomes the priority and this is Descriptive Linguistics.
21. Contrastive Linguistics
In the case where it is intended to highlight the differences between multiple languages (especially when teaching a particular language), it is called contradictory linguistics.
22. Comparative (Or Typological) Linguistics
When the primary purpose is to identify the common characteristics of different languages, then it is called comparative linguistics. However, in modern times the practice of discipline as a ‘comparative method’, rather than seeing it as a separate branch, is gaining prominence.
23. Comparative Philology
The emphasis is, in the main, on historicism as a whole. In many parts of the world, however, the education and attitudes of philologists and Historical Linguist linguists are quite different.
24. Structural Linguistics
In 1940 and 1950, the practice of syntax and phonetics was as prevalent as certain texts, but it was sometimes used in a neutral and specific sense.