People have developed their own language to express their thoughts through their language. The feature of language is continually changing. We will learn the Characteristics Of Language in this article.
Definition Of Language:
Language is the main mode of expression of the mind. Or people speak the language in meaningful or understandable words. Or the language used to convey the meaning of the instrument, such as the sound of the orchestra, or the words or phrases used in the language that helps to express the mind. Or the language used to convey a meaningful word or sentence used to express the mind of a community or a nation. Or a language that is understandable to a particular group or group of people who speak tactically to the public through the sound of a fiddle.
A language is a system of arbitraryvocal symbols by which members of a social group co-operate andinteract.
Characteristics of Language
- The language is composed of voiced sounds.
- Significant qualities exist in the language.
- Language is common and used within a particular community or race or group.
- Uniquely located vocabulary that is strategically pronounced in a particular public community, by sound.
- Language is the main medium of man-made.
- Language is the main mode of expression of the mind or language is the main means of communication and communication with one another.
- Meaningful or understandable words spoken in the mouth or with the help of a musical instrument.
- Language is the sum of people’s voluntary behaviors and habits.
- Language is the best means of guarding the external and internal structure of sound, words, terms, and sentences.
The importance of language is very important to people. People can express their feelings because of the language, can exchange ideas with one another, can protect all types of communication. With the expression of the language, everyday activities are so much easier that life becomes easier.
How Language Came?
The sound of words was being created in words. Whose name is the language? The birth language of this language, made in the pursuit of many years, is about one million years old. And the birth of writing? Just five thousand years ago. The place was the Sumerian region of Mesopotamia. To record the donation of the mansion there, the first piece of earth is written with a wooden plank.
Regional language or dialect
The language prevalent in different regions is called the regional language or dialect. The language that the child learns in natural terms, with no written grammar, is the regional language or dialect. This change is noticeable at about thirty miles. In this change, the accent is faulty or varied.
The Languages which are called dialects, especially in small groups or regions within a language community. There are dialects in almost all the languages of the world. The ancient oral literature written in the dialect is ‘Lok Sahitya’, the dialect of the dialect contains the historical, anthropological social identity of a nation, the only regional form of value values is in the dialect itself, the dominance of regional features, the language of everyday life of a particular region and the authenticity. The dialect has the power of any language.
The living form of the language is in its spoken language.
Characteristics of language
As a complex phenomenon language has various kinds of characteristics. The major characteristics are described below:
Language is verbal and vocal
Language is an organization of vocal symbols produced by a physiological articulatory mechanism. It is a systematic verbal symbolism. Language is primarily vocal and writing is only the graphic representation of the vocal sounds. So, speech is primary and writing is secondary.
Language is arbitrary
The words of a language are arbitrarily chosen by its users. There is no inherent logical relationship between any name of something and the object itself.
For example, there is no logical reason why an adult woman is called “Woman” in English “Zen” hpersian. “Femine” in French, “Aurat” in Urdu, “Nari” in Bangla and so on. These names are arbitrarily chosen and are conventionally used by the people of different language communities.
Language is symbolic
Symbolism is the use of symbols to represent ideas and deep concepts. Language is a system of communication that includes symbolism to convey deep meaning. These symbols can include written and spoken words, inflections, and tones in our voice, music, expressions, metaphors, rhythms, pitches, slight gestures, eye movements, etc. These symbols of a language are arbitrarily chosen and are conventionally used by language users of that language community.
Language is systematic
Although, language is arbitrary and symbolic, yet its symbols are arranged in a systematic way. Each language has some particular systematic combinations or structures.
For example, though there are sounds like /b/ and /z/ in English, we cannot use them side by side, as /bz/ or /zb/ because we must utter a vowel in between these two sounds such as “bazar” /bazar/ and “job” /zƆ:b/.
Similarly, “He is an honest man” is a meaningful English sentence. But “Manan he honest is” is not a meaningful sentence because the words are not arranged is systematic way according to English language use.
Language is a social phenomenon
A language lives in a society and people of a particular society or community use particular type of language. Language is built based on the socio-cultural conventions of a particular speech community. If a language is not used in any society it will die out. For example, Ahom, Aariya, Anglo-Norman, etc. are some of the dead languages.
Language is non-instinctive and conventional
Language is not something inborn to a human child. It is non-instinctive. After birth, a child has to acquire it from society. For example, if a newly born baby grows up alone without hearing any conversation, the baby will not be able to produce any language. A language requires social conventions and culture to be built up.
Language is productive and modifiable
Language is creative. No two persons use the same language to express an idea or opinion. The same thing can be said in many different ways according to role-relationship and contexts or purposes of communication. We can produce and modify language according to our needs. For example, old English was modified into post-war English; again post-war English is being modified according to the needs of postmodern people. “Internet”, “Google”, “Yahoo”, “Facebook”, etc are newly produced words. The words like “Sunne”, “Thou”, “Dost” etc are modified as “Sun”, “You”, “Does” respectively.
Language is purely human
Language is a unique capacity of human species. This very complex behavior requires special arrangements of organs of speech like lips, teeth, tongue, palate, uvula, pharynx, larynx or vocal tract, etc. Animals do not have such complete vocal arrangements to produce very and distinctive sounds.
As said by Firth, language is “Polysynthetic”, “Open-ended Social Psycho-conventional” complex phenomenon unique to human behavior.
Only human beings can speak about their past and also about their future plans and even their imaginations. That is, human beings have the ability to talk across time and place when and where they belong. This is known as the displacement property of language. Animals only can share their present feelings or needs.