According to the latest data from the Ethnologue, the language surveying company, there are currently 7,700 languages on earth. There is no end to the debate among linguists on how the language began, how many languages were born, how languages evolved. The dispute has been going on for a long time. Each one explained it in light of their own thoughts, philosophies, and beliefs. Charles Darwin states, “There is no doubt that the origin of language follows and modulates the sounds of natural sounds, the sounds of animals and the natural sounds of humans.” (The Descent of Man, and Selection in Relation to S-ex, 2 vols. London: Murray, p. 56.)
In the eyes of linguists, the main two theories about the origin of language are well known.
One. Continuity theories. That is, ‘The subject of language is so complex that it is not possible for anyone to imagine its ultimate nature. It is traditionally inherited from ancestors. ‘
Two. Discourse or Discontinuity theories. This theory is contrary to the previous one. That is, ‘language is so characteristic that the use of language is not available to anyone but humans. At one point in the process of human evolution, suddenly there has been the emergence and development of languages. ” Anthropologists believe that the origin of language happened once in history, not more than once. The basis for this hypothesis is the structural similarity between the common human languages everywhere in the world.
Writing has been around for centuries, but there is absolutely no reliable information on the source of ancient languages for language variability. In the nineteenth century, it was thought that language originated from natural sounds. But there is no evidence of this. And the theories that were made from it were intriguing and ridiculous. It is said that sound was first created from the sounds of animals and birds. This theory is called the Bow-Bow theory. The proponent of this theory was German author and philosopher Johann Gottfried Herder.
According to some other scholars, language is born of sounds that follow the joy, pain, and emotions of people. This is the phoo-phoo theory.
According to Mueller, language is born of the material’s natural bubble or sound. This is the Ding-dong theory.
There is also the theory of ‘Yo-he-ho’. That is, language has evolved as a result of the joint physical exercise of human beings. The sound that comes out of coordinating physical effort is the birth of language. (The Origin of Language. Pp. 7-41.)
Noam Chomsky, one of the best linguists of the twentieth century, gave an opinion. According to him, ‘Language is not a mechanical process. Language is associated with human creative consciousness. ‘
Many linguists agree that all languages originate from the Indo-European origin. The language was born between 7k and 8k BCE. However, this is not necessarily proven.
Due to the complexity of the origin of the language, the Linguistic Society of Paris banned the study of any language-related research. Even today, most linguists are not so keen on talking about the source of the language, because in their view any decision on the source of the language is so imaginative that it is not possible to take it seriously from a scientific point of view. Oral languages are born at least once in the history of human civilization, from the muted or the pre-language. Such a concept is widely practiced. But more is not known. In fact, scientific research is a touchy-feely place where scientific research has shown disability. (H. Christiansen, Language evolution. Oxford University Press. Pp. 77-93)
However, medical and psychologists say different things. According to them, the development of the language of the baby started from the mother’s womb. From then on he became aware of the words. Even when he is unable to speak, parents can hear their voice and try to understand and store words in the vocabulary. The Daily Mail and HuffingtonPost have published two research reports on the issue. Interested eyes can come from there. You can also check the article on organs of speech to know the language more clearly.