The language used by the society of a particular class is mentioned as Social Dialect. In other words, the languages that are used by people of different categories in society are called social dialects or Sociolect. It varies according to the age, profession, position in the society as well as social community or group.
Social Dialect Or Sociolect:
The simplest way to determine the social dialect is to place it on an educated person. An illiterate person does not speak the way an educated person does. Social dialect is the language that carries the social identity of the people.
The main reason for the creation of the social dialect is the division of social class and the obstruction of the boundary line. According to the working level, the type of language may change.
There are different types of Linguistics as there are different methods of linguistics. These differences vary according to the speaker, the audience, the occasion or the situation. The languages of upper and lower society are also different. On the other hand, living in the same society or region can make a difference in language.
For example, we see the language differences in men and women from the common gender. Considering the age of the persons in society, the patterns of speaking may also differ. The influence of money, livelihoods, education, etc. can also vary the way of speaking. At the same time, some behavioral type, for example, obedience or modest can also vary the language somewhat. As a result, we see more and more varieties of languages in society.
As a result of financial development, there are differences between people in society into different classes. At that time, language habits also change. The linguist Bloomfield divided this level of language into five parts. For example, literary ideals, ideologically driven, provincial ideals, ideological languages, local dialects. These different languages are used in different levels of society.
Social dialects are speech variations according to the social status, class or working fields of the speakers of a community. They are non-regional differences. The speakers of a sociolect usually share a similar socio-economic and/or educational background. For example, the dialects of businessmen, teachers, doctors, engineers, churchmen, workers, uneducated people, etc are different sociolects. The British Public-school dialect, Africal-American Vernacular dialect etc. are different English sociolects.Englisia explained
Thus Social Dialect or Sociolect exists in society and makes sense to us.