Language analysis emphasizes the totality of different forms of language. From the smallest linguistic material to the largest philanthropic component, linguistic elements are arranged in different branches in terms of coordinating different elements and expressing meaningful aspects. Different level elements of a language are divided into different stages, types or branches by hierarchy. The major types of linguistics are Phonetics, Morphology, Syntax, and Semantics.
These types of linguistics are indicated by the diagram below.
Different Types of Linguistics
The smallest element of the language is the sound. As the air that passes through the lungs enters the mouth through the sound system, the tone and consonant sounds are formed by the interaction of different speech-organisms. Sound is a fundamental element of language. The sound has no meaning, but it exists the expressive feature. The composition of sounds, distortion and changing aspects of the sound includes Phonetics. The phonetics of the language is possible with different processes. Chief among them are pronunciation phonetics, Primary phonetics, and audible phonetics. Various aspects of phonetics and alterations are reviewed with the help of speech contrasts in pronunciation phonetics. Instead of the accented nature of the acoustics, the characteristics of the sound, the arrangement, etc. are analyzed in different ways in Main Phonetics. On the other hand, audible acoustics include a variety of sharp reviews of the waves that occur during the formation of sound for blocked air pressure in the mouthpiece in relation to different speech patterns.
Phonics is the smallest meaningless linguistic element, and rhetoric consisting of acoustics is identified as the smallest linguistic element. Morphology is used in various objects and expressions, expressing the symbolic meaning of that object. Morphology is recognized as the smallest linguistic elements, but with the addition of suffixes of different classes, the meaning of different classes spreads with the expression of different classes. The morphologies can be identified at different stages in terms of composition or structures.
In the first case, the morphs with which no suffix divisions are associated are known as free morphology. The suffix is considered usually as closed morphology. Closed morphology is formed through the association of free or closed morphology, wherever free morphology can form independently. On the other hand, the expanded morphology indicates different grammatical processes.
Morphology is greater linguistic elements than sound, and the sentence is greater elements than morphology. Morphology helps to express the meaning of the object and with the sentence, the broader meaning of the object is expressed. The way in which sentences are formed through the use of morphological interconnections, it is possible to analyze in linguistics. In the first phase, the syntax is observed with the help of non-abstract elements. The use of rupture inserts is indicated by the analysis of the univariate factor in which the close relationship between the variants exists in the meaning of the sentence.
It is emphasis to analyze the way in which syntax is formed as a result of the mutual insertion of morphology into organizational syntax. Later on, Noam Chomsky pointed out the syntax analysis process, using various formulas to apply transformative creative methods. The application of various formulas in mathematics, philosophy, and psychology begins with the analysis of syntactic structures. After dividing the single sentence noun and verb phrases into two parts, the motifs contained in the two parts are explained by different formulas.
Since semantics plays an important role in linguistics in the analysis of morphology and syntax, it is an important branch of linguistics. The rhetoric and the semantic aspects of the sentence are manifested in various forms of semantics. Since various means of expressing meaning are active and philosophy is a major branch of semantics and linguistics, the two disciplines include the expressing aspects through different processes.
There are multiple branches of semantics. The first two disciplines that fall into categories are literary theory and semantics. Literary Theory is also categorized into three disciplines including Constitution Rules, semantics and pragmatism. In Philosophy literary theory, it includes the discussion of symbols. Here it is important to review both the human and artificial languages. The syntax of the sentence involves the discussion of various symbols. In pragmatism, it emphasizes on the analysis of languages.
On the other hand, the semantics used in linguistics emphasizes the meaning of rhetoric and the meaning of change. Often, both philosophical and linguistic are applied to change the meaning of morphology.
For example: Emma is reading in the Library. There are many aspects that can be explained about the meaning of this sentence.
- who reported Emma is reading in the Library, was reading with her in the library;
- The reporter went to the library with Emma but didn’t read;
- Emma told him as she was going to the library;
- One sees Emma is reading there while passing by the library;
- Emma told someone to go to the library;
- and so on.
Types Or Areas Of Linguistics
- Phonetics And Phonology: Phonetics is concerned with the production, transmission, reception, and perception of speech sounds.
A. Place Of Articulation: Tongue, Lips, Teeth, Alveolar Ridge, Palate, Uvula, Larynx, etc.
B. Manner Of Articulation: Explosion, Friction, Closure, Intermittent, etc.
C. The Vocal Tract: The vocal tract and its role in sound production.
D. The Prosodic And Suprasegmental Aspects: Such As — duration, frequency, stress, pitch, tone, intonation, etc.
- Graphology and Lexicology
- Text Discourse Analysis
- Genre Analysis