It is a very common question is that who is Linguist? Most of the cases we fail to identify the real Linguists. Very few of us think a polyglot is a linguist. That’s not true. So, who are linguists? In general, A linguist is he who studies and researches the scientific branches of linguistics or language. In short, who is a specialist in linguistics and study the science of language, is mentioned as a linguist.
The word linguist came from Latin “Lingua” (language) and English “-ist” which combines Linguist. In the late 16th century, the word was first introduced to explain an expert in Linguistics. The plural form of Linguist is Linguists and it is pronounced as LING-gwist.
Who is a linguist?
A linguist has a great interest in the study of language, how does it work, the origin of words and the characteristics of language. He searches the patterns of language and it can be in a specific language or universal language.
The linguist will work with human speech, the organs of speech, the origin of language as well as the most efficient branches of linguistics. For example, Phonetics and phonology, morphology, Semantics, Syntax, Stylists as well as rules of language in a language.
The study of the relationship between linguistics and different branches of science is also the work of a linguist. For example, psychology, physiology, physics, sociology, anthropology, computer science, neurology, etc.
Although thousands of linguists have brought linguists in this modern stage, from the featured image, I have mentioned some of the most popular linguists who have contributed to bringing the linguists in this position. They are (from above left) Ferdinand de Saussure (1857 – 1913), Roman Jakobson, Noam Chomsky (1928 – ), Eve Clark (1942 – ), Pāṇini (4th century BC), and Edward Sapir (1884 – 1939).
What a biologist do? He studies the structure of cells. Similarly, the work of linguists is studying the structure of language. He tries to find out the way a man makes sounds, how it converts into words or sentences.
The work of a Linguist
Linguists study language descriptively, historically, comparatively and explicitly. They are involved with different types of linguistics. If I point out some its…will be.
- Different speech sounds
- The production, transmission, and perception of speech sounds.
- The theories of phonologies
- Word-formation rules & processes
- Relationship between words and phrases in a sentence.
- Implementation of Mother Tongue
- Psychological aspects of language use.
- Steps of first language acquisition.
- Explaining the Evaluation of Alphabet
- Socio-cultural and individual factors related to language use, variations and changes.
- Biological basis or language in a brain.
- Explaining Branches Of Phonetics
- What is linguistics, phonetics, phonology, morphology, syntax, semantics, pragmatics, graphology, biolinguistics, psycholinguistics, clinical linguistics, graphology, or lexicology?
- Examining Literature
- Descriving competence and performance.
- Applied Linguistics
- Sociolect or socio dialect
The use of Linguistics is increasing in recent times. So, who is studying linguistics to be linguist are getting higher value in the field of job markets!
At present, the work of a linguist is in the below field.
- Foreign language advertising
- Text-to-speech developers
- Multicultural marketing
- Machine translation
- Artificial Intelligence development
- Clinical Linguist
- Computational Linguist
- Govt. Linguists and
- much more, nearly hundreds of most popular field
I think now you are clear about the ideas of who is a linguist. Linguistics is the scientific study of the origin, organization, nature, and development of language. It is the science of language. It studies the nature, structure, variation and periodical changes in language.